Carpathian Shepherd Dog

Carpathian Shepherd Dog Breed Information

The Carpathian Shepherd dog is an alert, strong, independent dog that was bred for herding and protection. However, the breed is not well heard of. This is because this old farming watchdog has never been too known out of its originated country Romania. They are super devoted and will go to great lengths to protect their flock. If you want to know more about this well-balanced dog, keep reading through this article.

Carpathian Shepherd Quick Stats:

  • Breed Popularity: Very Rare
  • Life Expectancy: 12 – 14
  • Group: Herding
  • Height: Male – up 29″ to Female – up to 26″
  • Weight: Male – 70 to 99 lbs Female – up to 85 lbs
  • Temperament: Dignified, Calm, Well Balanced
  • Coat colors: Sandy (wolfish)

History of the Carpathian Shepherd:

The Carpathian Shepherd originated in the Romanian Mountains. They are a very popular breed in their country. This ancient breed has worked with Romanian farmers for over 200 years. They would herd the flocks and protect the animals from any threats. One of their far back ancestors are thought to be Lupomossoloids. These were mastiff like dogs with similar wolf like features that the Carpathian shepherd has.

The Carpathian Shepherds are still very popular in Romania and still used for farming unlike some other farm dog breeds. The reason for this is because Romania still has predator threats. While most other countries no longer have to deal with predators killing off their livestock. They are amazing at their job, always alert and ready to protect the flock at all costs.

The Carpathian Shepherd Dog Club:

Fans of the Carpathian Shepherd in March 1998 decided to make a Carpathian Shepherd dog club of their own. It was later renamed The National Club of Carpathian Shepherd Dog Breeders. They looked at the ancestors to these nowadays Carpathian Shepherds.

Officially Recognized:

The National Institute for Animal Breeding originally published the breed standard in 1934, the United Kennel Club didn’t officially recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd until 2006.

Carpathian Shepherd Dog Breed Standards:

Carpathian Shepherd Puppy


The head in general looks very wolf like. The nose is black and large, with a wide build. The dogs muzzle has a length that is slightly shorter or equal to the skull. It should also be fairly cone shaped. The lips are tight, thick, and well pigmented. While the jaw is nice and powerful, with a straight solid hold. Scissor bite. The cheeks should look tight and lean, yet not too outstanding.

The eyes can vary in shades of brown and are almond shaped. Slightly leaning. They should be good comparison to the skull. Not bulging out too much or too sunken in the sockets. The ears are triangular with very lightly rounded tips. Not too big for their head. Attached a bit higher than the line of the eye.


The body overall should look somewhat rectangular. They have a medium long 50 degree angled neck to the horizontal. Its strong and well muscled. The topline is straight across and sturdy. The withers are only lightly definite. The dogs back is straight and balanced. Its muscular and stable.

Loin should be strong and muscular, yet not too deep, pleasant length. Should not be too long, nor too short. The breeds croup has a full and muscled look. The length should be reasonable. It should have a minor slope, but should never look as if it’s falling away. The chest of the dog is matured and broad. Should reach to the elbows. Strong stable ribs that are well sprung. Never should have a barrel appearance.

The underline of the dog, where the belly is should somewhat rise. Belly is tucked in, yet never pushed in or out too much. As for the tail, it’s rather set high. When low it can reach to the hock. Should never be curled, even when the tail is brought high.


The forequarters hold a strong perpendicular stance to the ground. The shoulders are powerful with a fair slope. Elbows are close to the body. They should never be too in nor too out. Dogs forearms are very dynamic and perpendicular along with a having an oval section. Pastern is short and kind of sloping. Forefeet have an oval shape. They should look very big and solid.


Muscular and strong overall. Upright standing, with a good angulation. The upper part of the thighs are large and very well muscled. While the lower thighs are also well muscled, with a moderate length to them. The hock joint of this breed is full and sturdy. Not too high, nor too low. The rear pastern should be tight and vertical.

The dogs hind feet have a similar oval shape like the forefeet. They are also very compact, yet should be barely smaller than the front. Toes should be arched solidly. If the dog has dew claws they should be removed. The pads are very resistant.


The coat is bitter, heavy, and straight. The undercoat is also very dense, yet soft. Besides the head, and front of limbs, the coat is overall a moderate length.


Most of the body is a pale fawn color overlaid with black or wolf grey. There are usually paler shadings on the underside. White markings are allowed but shouldn’t be predominant.

Caring For a Carpathian Shepherd:


The Carpathian Shepherd doesn’t have too high of energy levels like most shepherds. They really only require at least 1 hour of exercise daily. Two thirty minute walks daily should suffice. Puppies will possibly need more seeing that they are much more energetic at that age.

You should definitely have a fenced in yard, if thinking about getting this breed, as they have a tendency of wandering off. Don’t worry though, if they do get out they don’t usually go to far.

You need to make sure your Carpathian Shepherd never gets too bored. If they don’t get the energy needed they will become destructive. They will start taking their energy out on bad habits like chewing furniture, and digging in the mud.

Even though this breed is known to be independent they do still love attention, and need it daily. Without enough attention, bad habits can form this way too. They are prone to separation anxiety. If you ever plan on going out, make sure it’s not for a extensive amount of time. Leave them plenty of toys to keep them busy!


Fortunately this breed has low grooming requirements. They shed seasonally like lots of breeds, and need a good brush at least one or twice a week. You should only give this breed baths when they get dirty. If you bath them too much it can strip the natural oils that protect their coat.

Tip: – brush through their coat before bathing them!

Since this breed has folding ears, they get ear infections easier. This means you must make sure you keep your dogs ears clean. Keep up with nail trimming once every 2 months. Also brush their teeth 2 or 3 times a week.


The breed does have a good bit of health issues predominant within the breed. Yet most are the common ones for shepherd breeds. Look out for the following health problems.

  • Bloating – Bloating occurs when the stomach twists and traps all the gases and contents inside, causing an upset stomach.
  • Cataracts – If your dog’s lens change it can lead to a cloudiness in the eyeball. If its large enough, it will affect your dog’s vision and can even lead to blindness.
  • Corneal Dystrophy – This health condition can be passed on from the parents. It’s a continuous condition where your dogs eyes cloud up with a grey or white coloring.
  • Ectropion – This is when your dogs lower eyelid rolls out resulting in a droopy look. The tissues exposed will begin to dry out.
  • Elbow Dysplasia – Poor advancement of the dogs elbow joint causing them to limp. Will lead to arthritis if not treated.
  • Entropion – Ectropion is when your dogs eyelid rolls inward, making the lash scratch the eyeball. This will cause irritation, ulcers and pigmentation which can later affect their vision in negative ways.
  • Hip Dysplasia – Like elbow dysplasia, this is a condition where the hip joint in your dog was poorly developed, causing your dog to limp when walking. The joint will cause pain, and swell. This condition is also followed by arthritis if not treated very soon.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy – This regressive disease affects your shepherds photoreceptor cells. This can lead to blindness later in their life.


Like all dogs you should stick to a strong supported diet. Especially since this breed is prone to bloating. Have 2 to 3 scheduled times to feed your dog throughout the day. Always have a bowl of fresh clean water present. The amount of cups that should be fed daily to this breed is 3 cups.

The average daily cost for this breeds food should range between $1.50 – $1.90. As for monthly prices, its should round to about $39 – $52. Of course this also very much depends on the brand of dog food you buy for them.


This breed is very stubborn. So if you plan on adopting this specific dog breed you will need to be very consistent and patient. Make sure that before anything you get your dog to know who’s boss. This will make the training process much easier. “Training A German Shepherd Puppy” can help with training your Carpathian Shepherd puppy. It even has a list of tricks to teach them for fun!

Carpathian Shepherd Puppy Vet

Are Carpathian Shepherds Good Family Dogs?

Carpathian Shepherds can be good family dogs. They do not tolerate strangers yet they do good with kids.

Before anything though, make sure that everyone in your house has made it clear to your dog that they are in charge.

Carpathian shepherds, once again are very independent and will try to be the alpha of the house. I wouldn’t recommend this breed for first time owners.

Socialize this breed at a young age so they won’t show any aggression toward strangers when older.

Also to make sure your kids are safe around your dog. This breed is typically very trustworthy with kids, but to be safe make sure you socialize your dog to young children before hand.

This shepherd breed is great with other dogs. They work well around any other breed of dogs they are introduced to.

Yet socializing them before is still a smart option, because different dogs can have different personalities.

How Much Do Carpathian Shepherds Cost?

Since this breed is rare in the United States don’t expect to ever find this breed in a shelter. You will most likely have to purchase a puppy from a breeder. The average cost range is $1500 – $2000 for one of these puppies. And if you happen to find a grown Carpathian Shepherd expect around $600 – $800.

5 Interesting Facts About The Carpathian Shepherd:

  1. Carpathian Shepherds are known to protect their owner’s flock from dangerous predators like wolves and bears! The breed is very fast, strong, and brave so they can fight off these big animals.
  2. This breed actually doesn’t bark much. Even though this breed is very alert and a great guard dog. They don’t have a tendency to bark much. This is good if your worried about this breed bothering the neighbors.
  3. Believe it or not, this breed has a name ranking based on popularity. For male Carpathian Shepherds, the highest ranked name is Max. As for the female puppies, it’s Bella.
  4. The breed’s scientific name is quite interesting. It’s Canis Lupus Familiaris.
  5. The Carpathian Shepherd is known to be the most similar to the breed Leonberger, so if you or someone you know has ever owned a Leonberger, expect the Carpathian to be much like them.

Carpathian Shepherd Dog In Closing:

Hopefully this article helped with any information you were looking for, or if you are interested in adopting this breed. The Carpathian Shepherd is a very protective, loyal, and intelligent dog. It would be a great addition to anyone’s family. Yet make sure you know what your doing, and you give them enough attention. Also if you live in an apartment definitely consider a different breed.